The objectives of the Union are to develop and promote vacuum science and techniques and their applications in all countries. The activities are not restricted to vacuum only, but include all disciplines which may use vacuum as a tool.
The history of the Union and of its members are described in two series of documents:
- the IUVSTA history, recording a comprehensive history of the Union,
- the Short Histories of the National Vacuum Societies within IUVSTA, containing brief (approximately 2-page) reports on the history of each of the 31 National Vacuum Societies which are currently members of IUVSTA and some archived reports of former member societies.